Rodents are common and formidable pests in human dwellings. They may thrive in urban or rural settings and are highly known to cause serious damage to buildings and homes. These unwanted pests can be identified by behavior, specific body features and coloration, length of their tails, lengths of their bodies, size of the ears, and coloration.
These mice are often called field mice they have excellent hearing, vision, smell and touch have enabled the mouse to be highly adaptable to homes and indoor buildings. All they need is a 1/4" opening to be able to enter a building, so they often have access to many places along the building's perimeter. Corners in cluttered areas, base voids of appliances; Less than 30ft. from food source. An adult house mouse will produce anywhere from 50 to 75 droppings per day. These types of rodents will chew wire, plastic, wood, and corners of cardboard boxes. The holes they make are typically small, clean-cut holes about 1/2 inch in diameter.
Norway rats can be quite social, living amongst people. They burrow to make nests under buildings and other structures, beneath concrete slabs, trash bin areas, relying on locations where food, water and shelter are present. These rats have poor eyesight only reaching up to three or four feet, relying more on their hearing and their excellent senses of smell, taste, and touch. They are considered to be colorblind. An adult rat typically produces 40 to 50 droppings per day. The holes they make typically measure about 2 inches in diameter and often contain rough, torn edges
While they prefer to live in trees or on vine-covered fences, roof rats can live in attics, near palm trees, garages, inside walls, utility rooms, patios, pool areas, and upper portions of structures. They normally go for residential or industrial areas with great landscape. Although they can, roof rats will hardly nest off ground. They also have great balance, using their tail for traveling along overhead utility lines. Roof rats have keen sense of hearing and move fast, they are great climbers, which allows them to quickly detect and escape danger and predators. Roof Rat droppings are 1/4 to 1/2 inch in length, capsule shaped, with blunt ends. Rat droppings are up to three times larger than mouse droppings. Entry points for roof rats usually requires more time to find because of their great ability to climb. Growing vines and overhanging tree limbs on buildings or homes can be used as travel routes. All they need is an opening the size of a nickel to squeeze through to gain access inside your home or business.
German Roaches may be seen inside the home in kitchen counters, floors, and other warm humid areas. These roaches let off a different variety of odorous chemicals that most people would describe as musty or oily, if you are smelling this in your home there is a high chance it might be an infestation. Infestations are fairly easy to identify with this type of roach as their droppings resemble ground coffee grounds, typically found inside kitchen drawers or countertops. German roached can get into anything and everything, multiplying at a rapid rate. They can survive without hardly any food and scarce water supply.
Brown Banded Roaches are very common in households and apartments, but are less common in restaurants. They avoid light so it is not likely to find these roaches during daytime, it will hide inside cracks, crevices, light switches, underneath appliances, behind picture frames, and high walls. If brown banded roaches are spotted in the daytime it is a big indication of an infestation. They have been known to jump while trying to escape. Brown banded roaches do not require moisture for survival thus, making them a higher ranking pest.
Oriental Roaches can survive outdoors in freezing temperatures for long periods of time. These roaches let off a strong unpleasant odor, quite distinguishable. Oriental roaches feed on decaying organic matter, making them dangerous because of their known habit to feed from the sewage. It has been reported that Oriental roaches have the ability to spread at least 33 different types of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms, and at least seven kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through the filth and carry them onto food.
American Roaches are the largest of the house-infesting roaches. They can be seen in basements, crawl spaces, cracks and crevices of porches, foundations, and walkways adjacent to buildings. These roaches move very quickly when trying not to be seen and can fit into small cracks and even under doors to remain unseen. They are considered to be one of the fastest running in the roach family. Both males and females have wings and can fly short distances. The American roach prefers high temperatures and cannot tolerate low temperatures.