Bed bugs likely get their name from their habit of feeding on humans while they sleep in their beds. They are found in virtually every place people tend to gather, including residences, hotels, schools, offices, retail stores and even public transportation.
Color: Unfed adults are mahogany; engorged
bed bugs are red-brown. Nymphs are nearly colorless.
Shape: Flat, broad oval when unfed; swollen and elongated when fed.
Size: Adults are 1/4 inch long. Nymphs range from 1.3 mm to 4-5 mm.
Region: Found throughout U.S.
Bed bugs like to travel and are good hitchhikers. They will hide in suitcases, boxes and shoes to be near their food supply. They are elusive, nocturnal creatures. They can hide behind baseboards and in cracks, crevices, and folded areas of beds, bedding and adjacent furniture, especially mattresses and box springs. Bed bugs can also hide in electrical switch plates, picture frames, wallpaper and nearly anywhere inside a home, car, bus, or other shelter. Bed bugs usually come out at night for a blood meal. However, they are opportunistic insects and can take a blood meal during the day, especially in heavily-infested areas. Bed bugs usually require 5-10 minutes to engorge with blood. After feeding, they move to secluded places and hide for 5-10 days. During this time in the bed bug life cycle, they do not feed but instead digest their meal, mate, and lay eggs. Although bed bugs can dine on any warm-blooded animal, they primarily dine on humans. Bed bugs do not transmit diseases, but their bites can become red, itchy welts.
So where do bed bugs live? Bed Bugs like to hide in small cracks and crevices close to a human environment. They can be found behind baseboards, wallpaper, upholstery, and in furniture crevices. Beg bugs are also known to survive in temporary or alternative habitats, such as backpacks and under the seats in cars, busses and trains.
Although bed bugs can dine on any warm-blooded animal, they primarily dine on humans. Bed bugs do not transmit diseases, but their bites can become red, itchy welts.
Fleas live by consuming the blood of their hosts. They feed on many different animals such as dogs, cats, rabbits, squirrels, ferrets, rats, mice, and birds. Fleas will feed on humans when other hosts are not available or there is a heavy infestation. Their strong claws prevent them from being dislodged. Fleas use their mouthpiece for piercing skin and sucking blood, even though they lack wings they will use their hind legs for jumping up to 50 times their body length in distance. They have the ability to jump vertically up to 7 in. and horizontally up to 13 in., making the flea one of the best jumpers of all known animals.
Ticks have a two year life cycle in which they will have three blood meals. The female tick will latch onto a host and drink its blood from anywhere to four to five days by inserting their mouthpieces into the skin. Even though deer are the preferred host ticks have also been known to feed on rodents and will readily attack humans and pets. Male ticks attach, but do not feed or become engorged, they stay the same adult size. Once a tick reaches the nymph stage it is ready to feed just like the female. The ticks that feed transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, Babesiosis, and Anaplasmosis, the male tick that does not feed will not transmit disease. If the tick is carrying disease agents from its first feeding in the larval stage, it can transmit them during this second feeding.
will normally nest in the ground, but can they can also be found above ground around patio areas or decks, even in attics or under roof beams. If disturbed, bumblebees will buzz in a loud volume, and they will defend their nest aggressively, they will chase invaders for long distances. The bumblebee sting is extremely painful, swelling and irritation can last for days after you are stung. Since bumblebees behave aggressively when threatened, the best approach is to contact a professional for assistance immediately for safe removal.
will normally build their nests in tree crevices, but can also be found in attics or chimneys. Honeybees do sting, but they only sting once. Their sting can be extremely painful if the stinger is not immediately removed from the skin. People who are allergic to insect stings will have a more severe reaction. Their colonies can be rather large and removal can be tricky, only a professional or experienced beekeeper can safely remove a honeybee nest.
can produce several thousand workers in one season. They are often times called Bees, but they are actually wasps. The yellow jacket wasp has stingers with small barbs, highly known to sting repeatedly. It is highly aggressive and its sting is very painful, it will pursue aggressors. They can be found in hidden and protected places like hollow logs, stumps, under bark, ground cavities and even structures. Yellow Jackets are extremely aggressive, the best approach is to contact a professional for assistance immediately for safe removal.
do not pose a public health threat, but they can do cosmetic damage to the wood where they build their nests. Carpenter bees can drill into almost any wood, but prefer bare wood. They can also attack stained or painted wood, and their nests can be hard to reach, so a professional should be called in to help.
build their nests from mud. They are not normally aggressive, it is very unlikely for them to sting, even when thoroughly aroused. Mud dauber nests can last many years in protected locations and are often used as nest sites by other wasps and bees. They may sting if handled incorrectly so the best approach is to contact a professional for assistance immediately for safe removal.
build their nests by chewing wood, and they normally nest in trees and shrubs. Hornets aggressively guard their nesting sites when threatened, especially since they are close to human habitation. Hornet stings are more dangerous than bee stings. Hornet stings are more painful than wasp stings because hornet venom contains a large amount (5%) of acetylcholine. Hornets can sting repeatedly, on each sting, inserting more venom into the body of the person stung, making the effect more serious for those with allergic reactions. The best approach is to contact a professional for assistance immediately for safe removal.
nests can be found in eaves of homes, tree branches, and any open pipe. Paper wasps are very territorial and do not like to be around people, this can lead to attacks. While naturally not aggressive, paper wasps will sting if they feel their nest is threatened. Wasp stings are painful and can cause the same risk of allergic reaction as other insect stings. The best approach is to contact a professional for assistance immediately for safe removal.